I hurried forward. Not daring to look back, I felt I had no real choice but to move forward as quickly as possible. What was I afraid of, though? An interaction with a person who had clearly expressed their desire not to speak to me? I wasn’t sure, but I pressed on. The heat made this acceleration relatively unpleasant but, almost in spite of myself, I accelerated even more. She was still there. When I finally put my hand on the door handle of my hotel room with the impatience of relief so close at hand, I froze for a moment, realizing what could have happened. Dozens of movie scenes telescoped within me and before my eyes was my ransacked room. I pressed the handle. It was nothing of the sort. I was not reassured, however. I freshened up and ran back to Franz, convinced that this was probably the last time I would see this room in a state of tranquillity.

  • Franz Wanner, ‘Secret Sites’ series (2018), <em>Saturn and Mercury</em>, Dachauer Straße 128 | 1996 to the present (2018), previously Hedwig-Dransfeld-Allee 6.
    Franz Wanner, ‘Secret Sites’ series (2018), Saturn and Mercury, Dachauer Straße 128 | 1996 to the present (2018), previously Hedwig-Dransfeld-Allee 6. The surveillance commando QB30 of the BND has thus far conducted surveillance on diplomats, agents, and journalists. Facilities of the Military Counterintelligence Service (German: Militärischer Abschirmdienst: MAD) are located in the same complex.
  • Franz Wanner, ‘Secret Sites’ series (2018), <em>Optics</em>, Elsenheimerstraße 33 (before 2012 on Isartalstraße) | 1950s
    Franz Wanner, ‘Secret Sites’ series (2018), Optics, Elsenheimerstraße 33 (before 2012 on Isartalstraße) | 1950s According to the CIA the South America department of the Rodenstock Optical Works was an informant of the Gehlen Organization. In the 1920s the company manufactured camera lenses, and then telescopic sights for the tanks of the Nazi
    regime. The BND uses flower names to refer internally to the intelligence agencies of other countries. The dandelion is not included in this “Fleurop List.”
  • Franz Wanner, ‘Secret Sites’ series, <em>Public Relations</em>, <br>Nymphenburger Straße 160 | presumably 1960s to 1972
    Franz Wanner, ‘Secret Sites’ series, Public Relations,
    Nymphenburger Straße 160 | presumably 1960s to 1972
    To influence public perception the BND established special relationships to
    journalists. A list from the 1970s registers 230 media contacts, who were taken
    care of by 35 employees of the department of press management. In 1972 the
    BND dissolved the secret department to set up an official press office.

On the crowded pavement where I met him, I described to Franz both the story and my feelings about it. The words of a friend who is an investigator came back to me at that very moment: “you go into paranoid mode and then everything becomes suspect”. His research mode became an emotional reaction for me. I felt watched every second. Spied on. Franz mentioned the name of my hotel and said: “There’s one just across the street. The Akademie-Buchhandlung, he added, was one of the BND’s many front companies. This small, now disused bookshop advertised itself as a mail-order business in the 1950s, which would have discouraged anyone from entering. The vacant, dark and dusty space had not caught my attention, but the bare neon sign above it did. Its melancholy had echoed in me a raw minimal aesthetic that I loved.

The now empty sign took me back to my first conversation with Franz, two months earlier, when I was trying to meet the man through whom the scandal had come. At that time, a bill concerning the official extension of police surveillance to postal and electronic mail was generating controversy. But in parallel, another controversy was raging. It was said that the
Frauenkirche—Munich’s cathedral and city landmark—was itself a node in the BND’s surveillance network. And it was Franz who had leaked the information a few months earlier during a late-night radio interview. It took a few weeks for the mainstream media to pick up on it, as the nightly art shows were probably not the most listened to. The Bavarian Catholic authorities were quick to react, urging the removal of the radio apparatus from the bell tower. The BND issued a statement denying this and gave contradictory instructions to its agents, asking them to answer negatively to any questions until the device had been removed.

Franz Wanner, ‘Secret Sites’ series (2018), <em>Secret SErvice Landmark</em>, Frauenplatz 12 | from before the fall of the Berlin Wall (1989) to the present (2018)
Franz Wanner, ‘Secret Sites’ series (2018), Secret SErvice Landmark, Frauenplatz 12 | from before the fall of the Berlin Wall (1989) to the present (2018) Frauenplatz 12 | from before the fall of the Berlin Wall (1989) to the present (2018).
The surveillance commando QB30 of the BND operates two disguised radio
stations with the cover names Saturn and Mercury. The radio relay stations are
housed in the northern bell tower of Munich’s Frauenkirche. An official inquiry into
this matter by Public Art Munich was answered by the press office of the
archdiocesan chancery on 2 March 2018: “Nothing about an entity named QB30 of
the BND is known to us.”

Whether it is a matter of linguistic obfuscation, almost obvious aesthetic neutrality, or concealment too manifest to be visible, the BND’s stealth tactics have not changed much since its creation. Nor has the surveillance of those who try to uncover them. The north tower of the Frauenkirche was, and perhaps still is, one of the links in a self-serving surveillance network. As a sign par excellence, a physical expression of divine power, Munich’s cathedral would be the only religious building to have been used for this purpose. As far as we know. Its 98.57 metres of symbolism made or make it possible to pick up and transmit the conversations of the agents who were or are monitoring other BND agents as well as journalists, such as the one who, together with Franz, discovered the existence of this surveillance apparatus.

Franz Wanner, ‘Secret Sites’ series (2018), <em>Frequency Analysis</em>, 2018
Franz Wanner, ‘Secret Sites’ series (2018), Frequency Analysis, 2018

The Frauenkirche is a notable exception in a building stock characterised by architectural tepidity. It never housed any BND employees, only the radio equipment they used. The Federal Office for Special Assets. Federal Administration, Department for Special Assets. The Federal Office of Financial Services, Central Services and Open Assets, behind its gleaming windows, is not only one of the main BND office buildings in the city, but also the employer that agents report to the tax authorities. Other departments at the same address, Franz explained to me, take care of officers who are under arrest, those who are no longer able to work, and students who join the ranks. I undertook to ask him about the building we had just entered; a building in which, according to his information, many underage refugees had been questioned in recent years. Was the promise of a residence permit in exchange for some information usually honoured? It was difficult and yet at the same time almost too easy to imagine these scenes in the green carpeted office we had just entered.

Aude Launay

Münich: The Secret Guide,
by Franz Wanner

Secret Guide de Franz Wanner
Click on the image to open the Secret Guide map by Franz Wanner.