Jeu de Paume in 10 dates
A sports venue, a Parisian museum and now an art center dedicated to the diffusion of images and photography… Discover the 1001 lives of this emblematic institution in the Tuileries Gardens.
Inauguration, under the patronage of Napoleon III, of the Jeu de Paume court, the last Parisian venue to be created for this racket sport, the forerunner of tennis. For the sake of symmetry and urban composition, its construction follows the decorative principles of the neighboring Orangerie building, designed nine years earlier.
As tennis took over from the jeu de paume, the building was abandoned and turned into an exhibition gallery. This is the first time in the history of Western art that a building that was not originally used for this purpose has been opened up for the display of works of art.
During the First World War, the building was used to distribute ration coupons.
The building became an annex of the Musée du Luxembourg, presenting the Contemporary Foreign Schools section, marking the entry of contemporary art into the museum. Between 1929 and 1932, a campaign of renovation work was carried out to adapt the building to its new museum function.
Requisitioned by the Nazis, the museum became a place of transit and storage for works of art looted by the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg.
The Commission de récupération artistique nationale moves into Jeu de Paume museum and returns the works looted during the war, thanks to the inventory made by the Resistance fighter Rose Valland.
The Musée du Jeu de Paume becomes the Musée des Impressionnistes, an annex of the Louvre until the opening of the Musée d’Orsay.
After rebuilding the interior of the building to plans by Antoine Stinco, the Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume became a center for modern and contemporary art at the initiative of Jack Lang. It is directed by Alfred Pacquement and then by Daniel Abadie.
Jean-Jacques Aillagon, Minister of Culture and Communication, decides to merge the Centre national de la photographie, the Patrimoine photographique and the Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume into a single establishment which, chaired by Alain Dominique Perrin, will be directed by Régis Durand from 2004 to 2006, by Marta Gili from 2006 to 2018, then by Quentin Bajac from March 2019.
Jeu de Paume is an art center and a leading venue for the diffusion of 20th- and 21st-century images, from photography to cinema, video to installation and online creation. A varied program of exhibitions, film cycles, symposia, seminars, educational activities and publications brings together established artists and up-and-coming talent.
Jeu de Paume has initiated the presentation of historical exhibitions at the Château de Tours. Previously hosted by the Hôtel de Sully in Paris, the Jeu de Paume now showcases donations made to the State and archive collections held by public and private institutions in France and abroad. With a view to developing educational initiatives, the City of Tours, the CCCOD – centre de création contemporaine olivier debré, Jeu de Paume and Tours University have joined forces to set up specific programs focusing on the transmission of the visual arts in Tours.